Mammals in Iran

Only when the last of the animals horns, tusks, skin, and bones have been sold, will mankind realize that money can never buy back our wildlife.
  • null

    Carnivora

    Carnivora is a diverse scrotiferan order that includes over 280 species of placental mammals. Its members are formally referred to as carnivorans, whereas the word “carnivore” (often popularly applied to members of this group) can refer to any meat-eating organism. Carnivorans are the most diverse in size of any mammalian order.

    This order includes 31 species in Iran from Canidae, Felidae, Canidae, Herpestidae, Hyaenidae, Mustelidae, Phocidae, Ursidae and Procyonidae families.

  • null

    Perissodactyla

    Odd-toed ungulates, mammals which constitute the taxonomic order Perissodactyla are hoofed animals – ungulates – which bear most of their weight on one (an odd number) of the five toes: the third toe. The non-weight-bearing toes are either present, absent, vestigial, or positioned posteriorly. By contrast, the even-toed ungulates bear most of their weight equally on two (an even number) of the five toes: their third and fourth. toes. Another difference between the two is that odd-toed ungulates digest plant cellulose in their intestines rather than in one or more stomach chambers, as do the even-toed ungulates.

    This order includes 1 species in Iran from Equidae (horses, asses, and zebras) family.

  • null

    Artiodactyla

    The even-toed ungulates are ungulates – hoofed animals – which bear weight equally on two (an even number) of the five toes: their third and fourth toes. The other three toes are either present, absent, vestigial, or pointing posteriorly. By contrast, odd-toed ungulates bear weight on one (an odd number) of the five toes: the third toe. Another difference between the two is that even-toed ungulates digest plant cellulose in one or more stomach chambers rather than in their intestine, as do the odd-toed ungulates.

    This order includes 10 species in Iran from Suidae, Cervidae and Bovidae families.

  • null

    Erinaceomorpha

    Eulipotyphla (“truly fat and blind”) is an order of mammals suggested by molecular methods of phylogenetic reconstruction, and includes the laurasiatherian members of the now-invalid polyphyletic order Lipotyphla, but not the afrotherian members (tenrecs and golden moles, now in their own order Afrosoricida).

    This order includes 4 species in Iran from Erinaceidae family.

  • null

    Lagomorpha

    The lagomorphs are the members of the taxonomic order Lagomorpha, of which there are two living families: the Leporidae (hares and rabbits) and the Ochotonidae (pikas). This order includes 3 species in Iran from these families.

  • null

    Soricomorpha

    Soricomorpha (“shrew-form”) is a taxon within the class of mammals. In the past it formed a significant group within the former order Insectivora. However, Insectivora was shown to be polyphyletic and various new orders were split off from it.

    This order includes 14 species in Iran from Soricidae (shrews) and Talpidae (moles and close relatives) families.

  • null

    Rodentia

    Rodents (from Latin rodere, “to gnaw”) are mammals of the order Rodentia, which are characterized by a single pair of continuously growing incisors in each of the upper and lower jaws. About 40% of all mammal species are rodents.

    This order includes more than 64 species in Iran from Sciuridae, Dipodidae, Calomyscidae, Cricetidae, Muridae, Gliridae, Hystricidae & Myocastoridae families.

  • null

    Chiroptera

    Bats are mammals of the order Chiroptera; with their forelimbs adapted as wings, they are the only mammals naturally capable of true and sustained flight. Bats are more manoeuvrable than birds, flying with their very long spread-out digits covered with a thin membrane or patagium. The second largest order of mammals, bats comprise about 20% of all classified mammal species worldwide.

    This order includes 49 species in Iran from Pteropodidae, Emballonuridae, Rhinopomatidae, Rhinolophidae, Hipposideridae, Molossidae, Vespertilionidae and Miniopteridae families.

  • null

    Cetacea

    Cetacea is a widely distributed and diverse clade of aquatic mammals that today consists of whales, dolphins, and porpoises. Cetaceans are carnivorous and finned. Most species live in the sea, some in rivers.

    This order includes 14 species in Iran from Balaenopteridae (rorquals), Physeteroiadae (sperm whales), Delphinidae (oceanic dolphins) and Phocoenidae (Porpoises) families.

  • null

    Sirenia

    The Sirenia, commonly referred to as sea cows or sirenians, are an order of fully aquatic, herbivorous mammals that inhabit swamps, rivers, estuaries, marine wetlands, and coastal marine waters.

    This order includes 1 species in Iran from Dugongidae (the dugong) family

Carnivora mammals of Iran

Perissodactyla mammals of Iran

Artiodactyla mammals of Iran

Erinaceomorpha mammals of Iran

Lagomorpha mammals of Iran

Soricomorpha mammals of Iran

Rodentia mammals of Iran

Reference: Department of Environment of Iran (www.doe.ir)

Progress: Mammals of Iran added100%
100%
Menu